FAQ

User Experience Design: How do you get a job as a designer without going to design school?
I got my job as a designer without going to design school.I wanted to change careers and become a designer, but I didn’t have four years and $100k to go back to school. So I decided to teach myself. At first, I had a lot of doubts on whether someone could teach themselves well enough to get a job.If you’re wondering the same, the answer is yes.I hacked together my own design education in 6 months while working a full-time job. I didn’t think I was ready but started applying for jobs anyway — and got a job at a great startup, Exec.I’ll admit, I’m nowhere near as good as many design prodigies that come out of a 4-year education at an elite school. But I’m definitely good enough to do my job well. I design a pretty wide range of things — for the website, iPhone app, emails, social media, and print.Maybe you want to change careers and become a designer full-time.Or you just want to learn some basics for your startup or side project.This is a guide to teach yourself design.Update: I first published this answer over a year ago. Since then I’ve gotten hundreds of emails asking for more guidance and easier to follow steps, and I finally found one: Designlab. This course wasn’t around when I was learning, but man do I wish it was – it would have made the whole process a lot less daunting. What I really like about it is that it gives you project assignments, and then connects you to a design mentor who gives you feedback (they have really good ones who work at Facebook).Step 1. Learn to seeThe biggest mistake is jumping into Photoshop too fast. Learning Photoshop does not make you a designer, just like buying paintbrushes doesn’t make you an artist. Start with the foundation.First, learn how to draw.You don’t have to sit in a room with a bunch of other artists trying to draw a naked woman.You don’t even have to get that good at drawing. Just learn some basics so you can be comfortable sketching with a pen.You only have to do one thing to learn how to draw: get the book You Can Draw in 30 days and practice for half an hour every day for a month. I’ve looked at a lot of drawing books and this is one of the best.Learn graphic design theoryStart with the book Picture This. It’s a story book of Little Red Riding hood, but will teach you the foundations of graphic design at the same time.Learn about color, typography, and designing with a grid. If you can find a local class to teach the basics of graphic design, take it.Go through a few of these tutorials every day.Learn some basics in user experienceThere are a lot of books about user experience. Start with these two quick reads that will get you in the right mindset:The Design of Everyday ThingsDon’t Make Me Think!Learn how to writeDon’t fill your mockups with placeholder text like Lorem Ipsum. Your job as a designer is not just to make pretty pictures — you must be a good communicator. Think through the entire experience, choosing every word carefully. Write for humans. Don’t write in the academic tone you used to make yourself sound smart in school papers.Read Made to Stick, one of my favorite books of all time. It will teach you how to suck in your readers.Voice and Tone is a website full of great examples of how to talk to users.Learn to kill your workThis is the hardest step in this whole guide.Be prepared to kill everything you make. Be prepared to violently slaughter your precious design babies. The sooner you can embrace this, the better your work will become. When you realize your work isn’t good enough, kill it. Start again.Get another pair of eyes. Ask for feedback on your work from people who care about design. Don’t know anyone? Make some designer friends — go to designer meetups and events.Get the opinion of people who don’t care about design, too. Show your work to people who would be your users and ask them to try your website or app. Don’t be afraid to ask strangers — I once took advantage of a delayed flight by asking all the people in the airport terminal to try out an app I was designing. Most of them were bored and happy to help, and I got some great usability feedback.Listen. Really listen. Don’t argue. If you ask someone for feedback, they’re doing you a favor by giving you their time and attention. Don’t repay the favor by arguing with them. Instead of arguing, thank them and ask questions. Decide later whether you want to incorporate their feedback.Step 2. Learn how to use Photoshop and IllustratorHooray! Now you’ve got a pretty solid foundation – both visual and UX. You’re ready to learn Photoshop. Actually, I recommend starting with Illustrator first and then moving on to Photoshop after. Illustrator is what designers use to make logos and icons. InDesign is good for print design like flyers and business cards.Learn IllustratorThere are a ton of books, online tutorials and in-person classes to learn Illustrator. Choose the style that works best for you. Here are the books I found especially helpful to learn the basics of Illustrator:Cbp Form 823f /4416359 Goes Fast Card Illustrator Classroom in a Book – It’s boring, but if you get through at least half of it, you’ll know your way around Illustrator pretty well.Vector Basic Training – This book teaches you how to make things in Illustrator that actually look good.Now for the fun stuff! Follow these online tutorials and be impressed by what you can make. Here are two my favorites – a logo and a scenic landscape.Learn PhotoshopThere are a million and one tutorials out there. A lot of them are crap. Fortunately, there are sites with really high quality tutorials. PSDTuts by TutsPlus is one of them.Here’s a good photoshop tutorial to make an iPhone app.Here’s another good photoshop tutorial to create a website mockup.Carve out an hour or two every day to go through some tutorials, and you’ll be impressed by how quickly you progress.Step 3. Learn some specialtiesDo you want to design mobile apps? Websites? Infographics? Explore them all, and pick and choose the ones you enjoy to get better at them.Learn Logo DesignLearn how to make a logo that doesn’t suck: Logo Design LoveYou’ll want to take it a step further than a logo though. Learn to create a consistent brand – from the website to the business cards. Check out this book, Designing Brand Identity.Learn Mobile App DesignStart with this tutorial to get your feet wet on visual design for mobile apps.Read this short but very comprehensive and well-thought out book on iPhone design: Tapworthy. It will teach you how to make an app that not only looks good but is easy to use.Geek out on the apps on your phone. Critique them. What works and what doesn’t?Learn Web DesignRead Don’t Make Me Think to learn how to make a website that people find easy to use and navigate.Read The Principles of Beautiful Web Design if you want help making a website look good.Make a list of the websites you think are beautifully designed. Note what they have in common. Some great examples are on SiteInspire.Now for the hairy question of whether you need to know HTML/CSS as a designer: It depends on the job. Knowing it will definitely give you an edge in the job market. Even if you don’t want to be a web developer, it helps to know some basics. That way you know what is possible and what isn’t.There are so many great resources to learn HTML and CSS:My favorite free one is Web Design Tuts.My favorite paid one (pretty affordable at $25/month) is Treehouse. If you’re starting from the beginning and want someone to explain things clearly and comprehensively, splurge for Treehouse tutorials.Step 4. Build your portfolioYou don’t need to go to a fancy design school to get a job as a designer. But you do need a solid portfolio.How do you build a portfolio if you’re just starting out for the first time? The good news is you don’t need to work on real projects with real clients to build a portfolio. Make up your own side projects. Here are a few ideas:Design silly ideas for t-shirts.Find poorly designed websites and redesign them.Got an idea for an iPhone app? Mock it up.Join a team at Startup Weekend and be a designer on a weekend project.Enter a 99 designs contest to practice designing to a brief.Do the graphic design exercises in the Creative Workshop book.Find a local nonprofit and offer to design for free.Resist the temptation to include every single thing you’ve ever designed in your portfolio. This is a place for your strongest work only.Steal, steal, steal at first. Don’t worry about being original – that will come later, once you are more comfortable with your craft. When you learn a musical instrument, you learn how to play other people’s songs before composing your own. Same goes for design. Steal like an artist.Go to Dribbble for inspiration on some of the best designers. Check out pttrns for iOS inspiration, and siteinspire for website inspiration.Step 5: Get a job as a designerWhen I first started learning design, I went to a job search workshop for designers. I walked into a room full of designers who had much more experience than I did – 5, 10, 15 years experience. All of them were looking for jobs. That was intimidating. There I was, trying to teach myself design, knowing I was competing with these experienced designers.And yet less than a year later, I got a design job. There was one key difference between me and many of the other designers that gave me an edge: I knew how to work with developers.The biggest factor to boost your employability is to be able to work with developers. Learn some interaction design. Learn some basic HTML and CSS. Designers in the tech industry (interaction designers, web designers, app designers) are in extremely high demand and are paid well. That’s where the jobs are right now.If you don’t have any experience working with developers, get some. Go to Startup Weekend, go to hackathons, or find a developer through a project collaboration site.Make a personal website and make your portfolio the centerpiece.Go out and make serendipity happen – tell everyone you know that you’re looking for a job as a designer. You never know who might know someone.Research companies and agencies you might be interested in. Look on LinkedIn for 2nd and 3rd degree connections to people who work at those companies and ask for intros. The best way to get a job is through a connection. If you don’t have a connection, there’s still a lot you can do to give yourself an edge.Once you’ve got the job, keep learningI’ve been at Exec for a year now and have learned a ton on the job. I seek out designers who are much more talented than I am, and learn from them. I find design classes (good online ones are Skillshare, General Assembly, Treehouse, and TutsPlus). I work on side projects. I geek out at the design section of bookstores. There is still so much to learn and to improve on.Keep your skills sharp, and always keep learning.“Nobody tells this to people who are beginners, I wish someone told me. All of us who do creative work, we get into it because we have good taste. But there is this gap. For the first couple years you make stuff, it’s just not that good. It’s trying to be good, it has potential, but it’s not. But your taste, the thing that got you into the game, is still killer. And your taste is why your work disappoints you. A lot of people never get past this phase, they quit. Most people I know who do interesting, creative work went through years of this. We know our work doesn’t have this special thing that we want it to have. We all go through this. And if you are just starting out or you are still in this phase, you gotta know its normal and the most important thing you can do is do a lot of work. It’s gonna take awhile. It’s normal to take awhile. You’ve just gotta fight your way through.” ― Ira GlassThis article was originally published on Karen’s blog.
How do I fill out info to activate a Safeway club card?
At my Safeway in Spokane Wa. on Francis and Monroe. Just head up to customer service and ask for a club card if you would like to fill out a piece of paper with your info. And your card will be activated on your first purchase when scanned at the register. If you just want a card head to any register and your checker will go over to customer service and get you one. When you come to my register i’ll gladly grab you a club card if you would like one but i recommenced that you don’t fill out the in store paper but instead go to Safeway - Official Site or my preferred method is to call 1–877-SAFEWAY. The paper method can take up to 8 weeks or more before your info is up dated and you can use your phone number at the register instead of using your club card. If you forget the info is on your receipt or ask an Safeway employee for help.
How long does it take to fill out an organ donor card?
I can't speak for the US, but it took me a three minute form online. I pretty much only did it as part of my provisional drivers licence application. Just a few boxes aaking if I want to after this statement:Over 44,000 people die in traffic accidents from injuries that could be treated by donor organs. Would you like to join the NHS Scotland Donor Registry?Just shrugged, ticked yet, and that was it. Not the most cheery thing to read when applying for your licence online, but it was there.
What company will replace Tesla in the future?
Depends on what your view of overtake is. Will some present auto giant be selling more EVs than Tesla? Virtually a certainty. The old adage, “1st impressions are lasting” fits Tesla to a tee. Tesla came 1st and fast out of the gate but was,is and will likely remain for some time, a rich man’s car. Almost every car company is better suited and better positioned to produce smaller, cheaper electric cars for average working people. Average people do not need 75 or 80% of the gizmos on Teslas. They need a cheap vehicle that will transport them 5 to 8 hundred miles a month to work and shopping for their necessities. Most people talking about “range” seem to ignor the fact that tens of millions of average people every day pop into the gas bars and grab $10 to $20 of gas because it is all they can afford and they need it to carry them back and forth to work for a week. What the truck stops and travel centres along the Interstates are doing is of little interest to them. And neither is hearing about Teslas’ options and supercharger network. A quick view on charging tells me that Teslas’ vaunted charging network is a quickly fading “myth”. The line from the old movie “if you build it they will come” was never more true than as it fits charging stations. You can put 10 or 12 charging posts at the end of 10 or 12 existing parking spots at any McDs or coffee shop or any other place that present day cars park. This will be a hell of a lot easier than getting approval for and building gas stations with their disaster in the making underground tanks and pumps. When the public charging posts become (and they will) more numerous than gas pumps, the average people I mentioned above will be popping in to grab a coffee and $5 or $10 of quick charge to last the next 150 miles. Ballyhooing about driving $65,00 and up cars around the country and pulling into “for us only” Tesla chargers is pretty much an ego trip for many Tesla drivers. Will you pull into McDonalds and plug in beside a Tesla with your $20,000 V W or Kia? Sure, but you park beside Audi’s, BMWs and Cadillacs now. The point is, there is really nothing to overtake! As I have said before, when the big auto, big oil and governments decide it is time for us “unwashed masses” to have electric cars as the main form of transport, every other car maker will be “CHARGING” to the trough to grab their share of the riches. Tesla hasn’t yet been able to produce enough of it’s high end cars to make a profit on each one and Elon cannot get his vaunted $30,000 car to market and the inside word is that not many will be made at that price but will run to 45 or 50 grand with options they will force on you. Has Elon done a great job of “forcing” the others to get off their butts and start fighting big oil and corrupt politicians who have been manipulated by them? Oh yes, very definitely but he will not be the Henry Ford that makes a Volkswagen (which as you know literally translates as “ a wagon for the people”). Overtake Tesla? Nothing to overtake! 15 or 20 car manufacturers can build a car and throw in a host of computer controlled gadgets as they already do but how soon will they decide to start building a “wagon for the people”??
How can I send and receive money from my debit card to another card fast?
I use the card to card transfer service from sendmoney24.com, works perfect.Link: Card to card transfer: Transfer money from card to card
How do I fill out a Railway ALP Admit Card?
Hey, you can download your RRB ALP First Stage CBT Admit Card 2018, 4 days before the date of the Examination. The Railway Assistant Loco Pilot Examination has already been started from 9th August 2018 and will be over by 31st August 2018.The Admit card will be available four days before the commencement of the examination. The Railway Assistant Loco Pilot CBT will be held on the 9th, 10th, 13th, 14th, 17th, 20th, 21st, 29th, 30th, and 31st August 2018. The Exam will be conducted in three shifts per day. The Next Shift of RRB ALP CBT 2018 of 9th August 2018 will start from 1:00 pm. The Reporting Time for the Shift II CBT is 11:15 am and the Gate will be closed by 12:15 pm. The Third Shift Railway ALP CBT will start from 4:00 pm. Candidates can download the Admit Card/E-Call letter on 21 Regional RRB Websites or on Official Website of RRB- http://www.indianrailways.gov.in.You can download your Railway RRB ALP Admit Card by entering your User ID/ Registration Number and Date of Birth.Click here to know more about the RRB ALP Admit Card 2018
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